What is better to plant next to bell peppers in a greenhouse and open field
Even in a small garden plot, you can grow a varied crop of vegetables and fruits if all crops are correctly placed. The correct neighborhood of plants can both help to achieve the goal and hinder. Let's see what you can plant next to bell peppers.
Culture with character
It is a heat-loving and whimsical plant. Achievements of modern breeding make it possible to grow it in the Urals and Siberia in the open field, but more often in these regions, sweet peppers are planted in a greenhouse.
The soil for growing peppers should be loose and fertile, and retain moisture well. Top dressing is carried out six times a season with organic and mineral fertilizers. Frequent watering, but without stagnant water, allows the bush to form correctly.
Most often, sowing seedlings in boxes is required, since the growing season is long. After the onset of a warm time, the seedlings are planted in the garden. If frost is still possible, it is covered with a film or special non-woven material. Even in the summer months, you may not need to remove the shelter if the weather is below 25 degrees. In such cases, it is preferable to choose self-pollinated varieties, which will give an ovary even under the film.
It is important to watch that there is enough fresh air and that the bushes do not become infected with black leg - the most dangerous disease for this culture.
The plant, especially in the first months, is fragile, so support is desirable. To obtain a larger number of shoots, the top of the bush is pruned at a height of twenty-five centimeters. Harvesting is done 80 - 90 days after germination.
What is Bulgarian pepper adjacent to in the open field? With many crops with phytoncidal properties and a specific smell:
Such a neighborhood can be used in the so-called mixed beds: when several plants are planted on a small plot of land (bed) and are jointly cultivated. In this case, bell peppers are planted at a distance of a little more than 40 centimeters between the bushes, and other plants are planted in the same bed with it, in the aisles.
The combination of pepper and the described plants helps to protect the capricious crop from pests, since the substances secreted by marigolds or coriander scare away insects, and phytoncides prevent dangerous bacteria from developing in the soil.
In this regard, it is useful to use herbs:
They exhibit a similar effect without interfering with the growth and fruiting of the pepper. At the same time, a plant such as okra will protect fragile bushes from the wind and serve as a support. It is better to plant it along the edge of the garden.
By the principle of similarity of care, good neighbors for pepper are seedlings of carrots, eggplants and zucchini. For carrots, this is considered one of the best options in the garden. They work well with each other, reducing the gardener's labor and making the job easier. Seedlings of carrots repel many pests.
With what ornamental plants can you plant it for a good harvest? It is enough to sow nettles and chamomile in the garden. They will speed up the ripening process and allow the pepper to develop better. Dandelion has a similar effect, however, combining these plants, it is important to weed on time, otherwise the garden will overgrow with weeds, and its owner will be left without a crop. From weeds, it is enough to grow several specimens along the edges of the garden.
Sweet can be planted next to tomatoes and cabbage - such a neighborhood, although not particularly profitable, is quite acceptable and does not harm any of the plants. However, you should be careful that tomato diseases do not spread to the Bulgarian bush, since both crops belong to nightshade.
Cabbage can be tricky because it consumes a lot of moisture, and some varieties form a wide head surrounded by large cabbage leaves. As a result, cabbage takes up a lot of space, which is unprofitable if the cultivation is joint. Although compact sweet pepper bushes can fit comfortably in the space between cabbage plants.
When deciding what else to plant next to peppers, it's easy to settle for green crops that can be combined with many plants. These are Swiss chard, spinach, lettuce. They can be planted next to peppers to save space. They will not take up much space in the garden, require good watering and shade the soil, preventing it from cracking during a dry period.
Finding out with whom the plant is friends, it is important to designate its "ill-wishers", the compatibility with which is negative, which will not only reduce the yield, but can also lead to the death of plants. All the works of the gardener will be in vain.
Among the plants with which peppers cannot be planted next to is fennel. It is very aggressive, and the aromatic substances it produces can destroy the plantings of many crops, including sweet pepper.
Beet seedlings will be the first to take a "place in the sun", taking away not only most of the light, but nutrients - such a neighborhood is not beneficial for both plants, but the pepper will lose first.
Among the varieties of cabbage, there are species incompatible with pepper - kohlrabi and Brussels sprouts, which compete for nutrients.
It is unacceptable to plant sweet peppers next to hot ones. This will lead to over-pollination of plants, as a result, sweet varieties will become bitter, fruits will decrease, and the seeds obtained in the future will already give a new variety with pungent bitter fruits - a cross between sweet and hot peppers. It is better if these varieties are located at a considerable distance from each other, which does not allow the pollen to overlap.
It is not recommended to plant it next to potato plantings. These plants suffer from similar diseases, so their compatibility can lead to the rapid spread of diseases. In addition, the bushes formed by potatoes take up a lot of space, limiting the space for the peppers.
Beans and peas are unfavorable neighbors for bell peppers. Although these crops enrich the soil with nitrogen and loosen it, planted with peppers nearby, they suppress it. In addition, peas are looking for a support on which they could twine, and the seedlings standing next to it are well suited for this. As a result, the pepper may simply break or be "suffocated" by the legume.
Let's look into the greenhouse
Growing in a greenhouse requires a separate approach. Since there is little space in such rooms, and the spread of infections is faster, the selection of plants must be done more carefully.
When deciding what to plant a crop with, gardeners proceed from two points: make the most of the space and prevent the development of diseases.
Let's see what is worth planting next to the Bulgarian pepper. Planting peppers next to onions is also permissible in a greenhouse; you can find a place in the neighborhood for seedlings of zucchini, carrots, white cabbage or cauliflower. The latter type is preferable because it takes up less space.
Any herbs will only improve the yield of the pepper - they are compatible with many crops and are generally recommended for planting indoors. An important condition here is the ability to repel many insects and other pests, in particular aphids, whiteflies and powdery mildew.
The question of whether it is possible to plant similar crops next to it, such as eggplant and tomatoes, is controversial. Since plants suffer from the same diseases, they can easily transfer them to each other, which in a confined space, especially with poor ventilation, threatens a complete loss of yield. It is necessary to use such a combination with great care and do not forget about regular processing of plants and soil. You can try varieties that are more resistant to pests for growing.
Planted side by side with nasturtium and chamomile will have a beneficial effect on the main crop, increasing its yield.
Planting peppers in a greenhouse next to cucumbers is not recommended as they have different requirements for growing conditions. Cucumbers need a high level of humidity, while the Bulgarian culture prefers dry and warm air, when combined, infections can develop.
Fennel and dill are not greenhouse plants and should not be planted next to peppers. The action of fennel has already been described, and dill is so actively spreading that it can interfere with other plants, moreover, its tall peduncles and large umbrellas prevent the pepper from receiving enough light. Dill can also become a source of carrot flies, which settle in its roots and are dangerous, first of all, for carrots, and its umbrellas become a refuge for aphids - dangerous for peppers.
Plant beets and some cabbage varieties is also dangerous next to pepper - this significantly reduces the crop yield.
Peas planted next to peppers, like beans and other legumes, are also very dangerous, so it is not recommended to plant legumes in greenhouses.
Thus, deciding what can be planted next to the pepper, you need to build on the compatibility of cultures and their influence on each other. Sometimes the list of what you can plant peppers with may seem strange, but more often it is verified data. You can get some information from your own experience and make your own list of combined plants.