Description of the variety of cabbage Kharkiv winter, features of cultivation and care
Late varieties of cabbage are grown mainly for long-term storage. When choosing a variety, first of all, they pay attention to keeping quality, resistance to diseases and exactingness to care. Kharkiv winter cabbage meets all the listed requirements. It is often noticed by professional farmers for commercial cultivation.
Description of the variety
The characteristics of Kharkiv cabbage make it possible to classify it as a late-ripening variety. The technical ripeness of the heads occurs in 150–160 days from the moment of emergence. It was bred in Ukraine by crossing the best varieties Amager 611 and Dauerweiss.
Kharkovskaya tolerates drought and high air temperatures well, therefore it has gained wide popularity throughout Europe and Asia. Heads of cabbage for universal use, flat-round shape, light green color. The rosette of cabbage reaches 110 cm in diameter. The head weight ranges from 1.9 to 3.5 kg. The yield per square meter is 10-11 kg.
Young plants of Kharkovskaya during the growth period withstand a decrease in temperature to -2 ° С and an increase to +40 ° С. The lack of moisture does not affect the taste and marketability. Cabbage heads do not crack even if they remain ripe in the garden for longer than the prescribed period.
The description of the variety says that Kharkov cabbage can be grown in two ways: seedling or non-seedling. The plant is sun-loving, therefore it is advisable to take well-lit beds under it. The seedless method involves sowing seeds directly into the ground. This is done in late April or early May. Sowing is carried out to a depth of no more than 2 cm. The dry soil is pre-moistened one day before the start of work.
The distance between the rows of Kharkovskaya is left about half a meter. As soon as shoots begin to appear, the crops are thinned out and only the strongest specimens are left.
When growing cabbage seedlings, seedlings dive into open ground a couple of months after sowing. The distance between the holes is left at 40 cm.
Reviews of experienced gardeners indicate that after planting in open ground, Kharkov cabbage must be watered daily in the first week. As soon as the plants take root, irrigate them 1-2 times a week. This variety responds favorably to feeding. It is worth bringing them in 2-3 times per season. The best time for these activities is considered a period of active growth and laying of a head of cabbage. Mainly mineral fertilizers are used.
With proper care, the Kharkovskaya winter cabbage can please the gardener with a truly royal harvest. Its description recommends systematic loosening of the soil and removing weeds. The first weeding is carried out after the seedlings have taken root in the garden bed, and further weeding as needed. To prevent the growth of weeds and to facilitate the maintenance process, they resort to soil mulching.
Advantages and disadvantages
Kharkiv cabbage has a lot of advantages over its competitors, which were appreciated by summer residents and farmers. These include:
- high productivity;
- suitability for long-distance transportation without loss of commercial qualities;
- tolerates the lack of moisture in the area well;
- resistance to cracking;
- large head of cabbage;
- increased resistance to pests and diseases;
- perfectly tolerates hot weather;
- the possibility of late harvesting without losing its qualities;
- the safety of the crop in storage for up to six months;
- universal use of heads.
There were no significant shortcomings that should be emphasized in the Kharkov cabbage.
Pests and diseases
Kharkovskaya showed excellent resistance to major diseases. In particular, she is not afraid of mucous bacteriosis and necrosis. But slugs can significantly spoil the cabbage harvest. To combat them, it is recommended to take a liter can of wood ash, 2 tbsp. l. table salt, 2 tbsp. l. ground black pepper, 2 tbsp. l. mustard powder. Mix everything thoroughly and scatter over the cabbage beds.
Harvesting and storage
Harvesting of Kharkiv cabbage is started 150 days after germination. For work, choose clear and dry weather, preferably before the onset of the first frost.
The harvested crop can be stored for up to six months, that is, almost until the cabbage ripens next season. During storage, it is not exposed to pests and is not affected by diseases. The taste is excellent throughout the entire period. The storage room for Kharkovskaya should be dark and cool. This will ensure maximum safety.
Kharkovskaya has been cultivated in garden plots for a long time. That is why seasoned summer residents and farmers are happy to share their reviews about this variety.
Galina Stanislavovna, retired summer resident: “I have been growing Kharkov cabbage on the site for more than 5 years. I purchased it for the first time in the form of seedlings on the market and since then I have not changed this variety anymore. Despite the fact that the conditions in my garden are not the best, I managed to harvest a decent harvest and provide the whole family with cabbage for the whole winter. The heads were kept in the basement until the early varieties began to ripen in the beds the next season. "
Inna Valentinovna, a resident of the village: “Semyon Kharkivskoy was bought in the store by her husband on the advice of the seller. Since then, from the later varieties, we prefer only this one. The heads can be used both for making salads and pickling, as well as for stuffed cabbage and other culinary masterpieces. Cabbage is preserved just fine, it is not capricious in leaving. We are very happy with our choice. "
Anton Grigorievich, summer resident: “The Kharkovskaya variety is very good, just because of my inexperience I almost ruined the first plantings. Decided that cabbage loves water and tried his best to water it. As a result, the root system almost died, thanks to the neighbors helped with advice. It was not possible to grow a rich harvest that year, although they did not remain without cabbage. In the future, I took into account my mistakes, and now Kharkovskaya on our site shows excellent results. "